南京邮电大学

有机电子学(双语)

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课程概述

2000年,艾伦 黑格等人因为发现了导电聚合物被授予诺贝尔化学奖,开拓了有机电子学的新时代,在各种电子器件中,诸如场效应晶体管、太阳能电池、电致发光、存储、传感、激光器等,有机材料都相继出现并被证明有广阔的应用前景。因此,对材料、器件、物理等领域的全面理解和掌握,对有机电子学的发展十分必要。本门课程首先从有机光电材料的性质与化学结构关系出发,对有机材料的光学和电学性质作了详细的论述;阐释了相关概念和机理,并介绍了重要的表征方法;本门课程还介绍了有机光电材料的重要应用,如有机场效应晶体管、有机太阳能电池、有机电致发光等。在本课程中,我们将重点学习有机材料的基本概念和器件的工作机制。

成绩要求

通过本课程的学习,要求学生全面掌握以有机材料为基础的光电功能材料特性及其本质,同时对有机光电功能材料的器件应用。

本课程的成绩由课堂出勤率、小测验、翻转课堂表现期末(开卷)考试的成绩共同组成,分别占比5%、15%、30%和50%。总分满60分为合格,满90分为优秀。

预备知识

本课程需要部分《有机化学》和《半导体物理》的知识为基础。

授课大纲

有机电子学(双语)

Organic Electronics Bilingual

课程编号:

B1704211S

学分:

3

开课学院:

材料科学与工程学院

课内学时:

48

课程类别:

专业课

课程性质:

必修/限选

 

 

 

 

Course No.

B1704211S

Score

3

Course in Charge

School of Material Science and Engineering

Course Hours

48

Course Type

 

Specialized Course

Course Nature

Required/restricted

 

一、课程的性质和目的

课程性质:本课程是材料科学与工程学院材料化学专业的专业课程。

目的:本课程的主要目的是通过讲解和讨论有机分子以及有机固体材料的光电过程与特性,深入认识有机材料的光电性质,从而为这些材料在有机光电器件的应用打下基础。课程的另一个目的是将具有不同光电特性的有机材料应用于机薄膜器件,如:有机场效应晶体管、基于有机电致发光的信息显示与照明、基于有机光伏的太阳能电池、有机传感器、有机存储器及有机激光等。通过器件机理和性能的阐述,理解有机功能材料在各种光电器件中的应用原理及相关光电子过程与规律。

Course Nature: Specialized course for the major of material science and engineering

Course Target:

1)    To grasp the mechanisms governing the generation, transportation and interaction of excitons and charge carriers in organic materials. Here, electronic structure of a single organic molecule is used as a guide to the electronic behavior of organic aggregate structures.

2)    Meanwhile, to understand the structure and working principles of several practical organic optoelectronic devices. Emphasis is placed on the function of organic thin films as active component in the devices including OLEDs, OPVs, OFETs, organic lasers, organic memory and organic sensor, as well as the involved electronic processes.

 

二、课程教学内容及基本要求

课程教学内容:本课程分为九个部分,前六个部分针对有机材料光电特性基础知识,包括:1)固体中的成键及相关概念/性质,2)有机材料中的电子结构及相关理论,3)分子间作用力及堆叠方式,4)与光和能量相关的电子过程、特性和规律,5)与导电性相关的电子过程、特性和规律,6)有机光电材料的制备与表征手段。在课程的最后,将利用少量课时,对基于有机光电功能材料的器件,从科学的角度进行阐述,包括:7)场效应晶体管、8)太阳能电池与有机电致发光、9)有机传感、有机光电存储及有机激光。

基本要求:通过本课程的学习,要求学生全面掌握有机材料的光电特性及其本质,包括能级特征、堆叠模式、电子过程、能量过程、以及有机薄膜的制备及表征。其次,对基于有机材料的光电器件中的科学知识有一定的了解。

Instruction: There are nine parts in this course, the first six parts are the basic knowledge in the field of organic optoelectronics, including: 1) Atomic bonding and corresponding concepts/properties, 2) electronic structure and corresponding theories in organic materials, 3) molecular interaction and stacking, 4) exciton and energy related electron processes, 5) conducting related electron processes, 6) the preparation and characterization of organic materials. The other parts are organic materials basedoptoelectricdevices, i.e., 7) organic field effect transistor, 8) organic solar cell and organic electroluminescence, 9) organic sensor, organic memory and organic laser.

Requirement: After course study, students are required to grasp the basic science and knowledge in the aspects of organic functional materials, familiar with their common properties and applications. In the mean time, the working principle of corresponding devices is required to know.

(一)课程教学内容及知识模块顺序

1.知识单元一:Introduction to Organic Electronics (3h)

(1)知识点一:Course contents, grading and rules for students

(2)知识点二:History and development of organic materials

(3)知识点三:Definition of organic materials

(4)知识点四:Types of organic materials

(5)知识点五:Features of organic materials

(6)知识点六:Organic electronics

Request: First of all, students are required to know the content of this course, how to learn this course and the grade method. Then through the brief course introduction, students are encouraged and stimulated for learning. In the mean time, students should know what is organic material, basic structural features in organic material, electrical and optical properties of organic materials and their applications.

 

2.知识单元二: Atomic Bonding in Solid State Materials(3 h)

(1)知识点一:Bonding types in solid, inter and intra molecular bonding in organic materials

(2)知识点二:Electron orbital and electron cloud

(3)知识点三:Hybrid orbitals

(4)知识点四:Types of bonding and types of electrons in organic materials

Request:Through this unit, students are required to know the micro-electronic structure of organic materials, as well as the differences between organic materials and other materials (i.e. inorganic materials and metals)

 

3.知识单元三: Electronic Structure and Related Theories in Organic Materials (3 h)

(1)知识点一:Molecular orbital theory

(2)知识点二:Coordination field theory

(3)知识点三:Band theory

(4)知识点四:Electronic structure in organic materials

Request:aware of different types of theories in explaining or predict the properties in organic materials. Familiar with the electronic structures in organic materials

 

4.知识单元四: Molecular Interaction and Stacking(3 h)

(1)知识点一:Forces among molecules

(2)知识点二:Crystal structures of organic materials

Request:understand the three types of forces between organic molecules, aware of the characteristics of organic molecular stacking.

 

5.知识单元五: Energy Related Processes in Organic Materials(12 h)

(1)知识点一:Excited states related concepts

(2)知识点二:Excited state decay processes in an organic molecule

(3)知识点三:Excited state decay processes in organic aggregates

(4)知识点四:Optical transition rules

(5) 知识点五:Exciton generation and classification

(6)知识点六:Exciton transport and diffusion

(7)知识点七:Dynamic processes of exciton

Request:understand the features of excited states for both isolated molecules and their aggregate state. Grasping singlet state, triplet state, internal conversion, inter system crossing; Understand Davydov splitting and the optical transition rules and the Franck-Condon principal; Understand mechanism of Forster and Dexter energy transfer; Understand the various mechanisms for dynamic processes.

 

6.知识单元六: Electrical Properties and Related Processes in Organic Materials(9 h)

(1)知识点一:basic concepts for electricity

(2)知识点二:carrier types

(3)知识点三:photogeneration of carrier

(4)知识点四:Injected carriers

(5)知识点五:Three extreme modes for carrier transport

(6)知识点六:Models for carrier transport in disordered organic materials

(7)知识点七:Electrical properties in organic materials

Request:thoroughly grasp conducting related electronic concepts, such as carrier, mobility, conductivity, carrier types, know method to produce carrier, as well as photogenerated carriers; know electrical generation of carrier, grasp the concept of contact, injection barrier, Schottky injection, and tunneling injection, understand the electrical characteristics in organic materials,

 

 

7.知识单元七: Characterization/preparation of organic materials and  thin film preparation(3 h)

知识点:Material properties characterization methodology

Request:Be aware of various data characterization and analysis method, including thermal stability, energy levels and bandgap, carrier mobility, absorption spectrum and extinction coefficient, emission spectrum and photoluminescent quantum yield, radiative lifetime

 

8.知识单元八: Field Effect Transistor  (3 h)

(1)知识点一:History, device structure and characterization

(2)知识点二:electronic processes in FET device

(3)知识点三:electronic processes in organic functional materials

Request:understanding the structure and characterization for field effect transistor, emphasizing working principle in devices, such as top contact and bottom contact, p- and n- type OFET, aggregation and depletion modes, output and transfer feature, threshold voltage, subthreshold swing, pinch-off voltage, saturated region, on/off ratio, mobility, etc, and knowing the electronic processes in organic materials based OFET.

 

9.知识单元九: Organic Photovoltaic and Electroluminescence  (3 h)

(1)知识点一:structure and characterization of photovoltaic (PV)

(2)知识点二:electronic processes in OPV, DSSC and Perovskite

(3)知识点三:structure and characterization of organic light emitting diode (OLED)

(3)知识点三:electronic processes in OLED

Request:Be aware of inorganic p-n junction solar cell, dye sensitized solar cell, organic solar cell, and perovskite solar cell; know the difference in their working principle. Understand the processes for the photogeneration current in the above solar cell. Be aware of the structures and electronic progresses of OLEDs.

 

10.知识单元十: Organic Sensor, Organic Memory and Organic Laser(3 h)

(1)知识点一:mechanism, structure and working principle for organic sensor

(2)知识点二:mechanism, structure and working principle for organic memory

(3)知识点三:mechanism, structure and working principle for organic laser

Request: Understand the concept of sensor and memory. Know differing sensitizing and memorizing mechanisms. Grasp the basic concept for laser, know the mechanism for producing laser, be familiar with laser characterization, and know types and principles of organic lasers and their corresponding functional materials.

 

 

(二)课程的重点、难点及解决办法

重点与难点:本课程的重点与难点在前六个部分。一方面,它们是有机电子器件的基础,另一方面由于有机材料中电子过程是有机电子的基础,但是有机材料体系复杂,不确定因素及无序程度大,因此机理的解释涉及多个因素,其中的数学表示引入了各种假设或者量子化学知识,难于理解。

解决办法:对难于理解的描述材料性质的物理模型及表达式,强调各个参数的含义,忽略推导过程。列举应用实例,启发学生的理解。并采取互动讨论和课后练习加深这方面的认识。

 

三、实验实践环节及基本要求

 

四、本课程与其它课程的联系与分工

该课程与大学化学、物理化学、结构化学密切相关,但是它们的侧重点不同。其他课程是化学学科的基础,其中包含基于有机材料的科学论述;本课程主要侧重于有机材料中的电子过程、能量过程、及其在各类有机电子器件的应用,专业性更强。本课程在阐述有机电子学的同时,对涉及到的上述课程,将根据学生的掌握程度,进一步梳理和拓展相关内容。

 

 

五、对学生能力培养的要求

通过课程培养学生对各类有机电子材料的认识,以及它们在现代生活中的应用及潜在应用。掌握有机材料中能量及电荷产生、输运,以及相互作用的机制,以及有机材料中各类光电过程的本质。能够掌握分子轨道理论、配位场理论及能带理论的基本思想,了解有机材料分子间相互作用特性,掌握各类有机材料光电器件的结构、工作机制及性能特点。为学生从事有机电子领域的研究奠定扎实的基础。

 

六、课程学时分配

总学时48,其中15学时为线上网络授课,33学时(包括3学时的复习课)为线下课堂授课。内容和学时分配见课程学时分配表。


 

课程学时分配表

教学环节

时数

课程内容

线上

线下

实验

习题及讨论

小计

General course   introduction and basic requirement to students

1

2

 

 

3

Bonding and   corresponding concepts/properties in solid

1

2

 

 

3

Electronic   structure and corresponding theories in organic materials

1

2

 

 

3

Molecular interaction   and stacking

1

2

 

 

3

Energy related   processes in organic Materials-I,II,III,IV

4

8

 

 

12

Electrical   properties and related processes in organic materials-I, II,III

3

6

 

 

9

Characterization   of  organic materials

1

2

 

 

3

Organic field   effect transistor

1

2

 

 

3

Organic   photovoltaic and light emitting diode

1

2

 

 

3

Organic   sensor, memory and laser

1

2

 

 

3

Final review

 

 

 

3

3

 

15

30

 

3

48

 

七、建议教材和教学参考书目

 

参考书:黄维,密保秀,高志强.《有机电子学》科学出版社,2011

吴世康,汪鹏飞.有机电子学概论.化学工业出版社,2010

             黄春辉,李富友,黄维著.有机电致发光材料与器件导论.复旦大学出版社,2005  

Pope and Swenberg, Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals and Polymers, second edition, Oxford University Press1999

 

八、课程考核

本课程采用开卷考试方式,总评成绩由平时成绩和期末成绩组成,无期中考试。平时成绩占总评的50%,期末成绩占总评的50%。线上和线下的上课出勤(5%)、、网上小测验(15%)和翻转课堂表现(30%)三个方面进行考核 

 

九、说明

我院开设的《有机功能材料与器件》、《发光学与发光材料》、《太阳能电池材料及技术》及《传感材料及其应用》是对本课程的拓展,引导学生向更具体的小领域深入。其中,本课程与《有机功能材料与器件》的器件部分有较大的相似性。在这方面,本课程注重基于各种有机电子器件中有机材料的电子及能量过程,强调这个领域的科学范畴;而《有机功能材料与器件》中的器件部分,更侧重于工程,强调器件制备工艺、器件表征、器件性能分析与提高。

 

 

执笔人:密保秀                         审核人:李兴鳌                         教学院长:李兴鳌

 


 

 


参考资料

1. 教材

密保秀,高志强《有机电子学双语教程》自编教材,2014 南京邮电大学

2. 主要参考书

黄维,密保秀,高志强.《有机电子学》科学出版社,2011元月出版

吴世康,汪鹏飞.有机电子学概论.化学工业出版社,2010

黄春辉,李富友,黄维著.有机电致发光材料与器件导论.复旦大学出版社,2005

Pope and Swenberg, Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals and Polymers, second edition, Oxford University Press1999

Forrest, “The path to ubiquitous and low-cost organic electronic applications on plastic,”Nature 428, 911, 2004

Nitzan and Ratner, “Review: Electron Transport in Molecular Wire Junctions,”Science 300, 1384, 2003