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spContent=本课程具有科学的课程设计、优质的教学资源、合理的教学实施过程,信息技术与教育教学深度融合,便于学习者理解和应用。教学团队在课程建设、人才培养、课程与专业结合、国际化教学、大学生创新创业等方面都取得了丰硕成果,服务校内外师生和社会学习者,为建设学习型社会和终生教育体系做出了贡献。
—— 课程团队
课程概述


《工程制图》课程基于国家精品课程、国家精品资源共享课程《水利工程制图》,水工专业国家教学资源库子项目《水利工程制图》进行建设。课程团队以教为主向以学为主转变、以课堂教学为主向课堂教学与课外教学相结合转变、以结果评价为主向结果评价与过程评价相结合转变,对课程进行精心设计,对资源进行整合优化,对教学活动进行合理规划,对教学内容进行精心编排,适合土木工程类专业线上学习,同样适用于工程类企事业和在图学方面有提升愿望的社会学习者。课程提供双语对照资源,适合留学生线上学习。

通识内容有制图基本知识、投影基本原理、点线面、基本体简单体组合体的投影、轴测图、立体表面交线、工程形体的多种表达方法等。选修内容有水利工程图、计算机绘图。

《工程制图》在线开放课程具有科学的课程设计、优质的教学资源、合理的教学实施过程,信息技术与教育教学深度融合,便于学习者理解和应用。该课程面向社会在线开放,把“讲解与练习”、“练习与测评”、“交流与答疑”有机融为一体,进行在线教学活动设计,教学资源中英文对照、双语设计,跨区域、跨学校推动共享优质课程资源,使国内国外更多学校的师生和社会学习者分享到黄河水利职业技术学院《工程制图》课程的优质资源和优秀师资,让更多的学习者受益。

Engineering drawing is based on the national quality course and national quality resource sharing Water conservancy engineering drawingand the construction of Water conservancy engineering drawing, the sub-project of the national teaching resource bank for hydraulic engineering specialty. The teaching team regard the students as their priority and  focuses on the classroom teaching and process evaluation , combining to elaborate design , curriculum integration, optimization of resources , to plan the teaching activities and elaboration of the contents.  It is suitable for civil engineering and individuals who wish to improve in graphics. Bilingual resources are available for international students to study online.

The general contents include basic knowledge of drawing , basic principles of projection, projections of point, line and surface, projection of simple solids, assembly of basic solids, axonometric drawings, intersection, and various expression methods of engineering structures. Elective contents include hydraulic engineering drawings and computer graphics. 

The online open course of engineering drawing has scientific course design, high quality teaching resources and reasonable teaching implementation process. Information technology and teaching deep Integration. It is easy for learners to study, understand and  apply. The course fits with the features of MOOC and makes lectures and exercise, exercise and evaluation , interaction and answer into an organic integration.Bilingual teaching resources promote the learners at home and abroad sharing high quality MOOC. 

授课目标

1. 了解制图标准和绘图工具的使用;

Get to know the use of graphic drawing standards and tools

2.掌握工程中常用形体的三视图表达;

Master the three views expression of structures expression widely used in engineering

3.具备读懂常用形体视图能力;

Have the ability of reading and understanding engineering of general structures

4.掌握工程形体基本的表达方法;

Be able to apply basic methods of expressing structures.

5.初步具备读工程图的能力;

Have the basic reading ability of engineering drawings

6.初步具备运用图来表达形体的能力。

Have the basic skills to express solids with engineering drawings.

课程大纲

工程制图大纲 Teaching Plan of Engineering Drawing

单元UNIT

SECTION

主要内容CONTENTS

第一单元

制图基本知识

Basic Knowledge of Graphic Drawing

绪论

Introduction

学习内容和方法

Contents and Methods

工具和标准

Tools and Standards

图板丁字尺、图幅线型

Drawing board T-square

测试Test

28Questions

第二单元

三视图

Three views

 

投影法与正投影特性

Method and Features

概念、正投影特性

Concept and Features

三视图形成

Formation of three views

三视图形成与投影规律

Formation and Rules

三视图画法

Construction of three views

案例讲解画法步骤

Drawing Steps by Examples

测试Test

32Questions

第三单元

柱体三视图

Three views of Prism and Cylindrical solids

棱柱

Prism

棱柱三视图画法与识读

Reading and Making

圆柱

Cylinder

圆柱三视图画法与识读Reading and Making

组合柱

Combination Solids

组合柱三视图画法与识读Reading and Making

测试Test

14Questions

第四单元

锥台三视图

Three views of prism and  cylindrical solids

锥体

Pyramid

锥体三视图画法与识读Reading and Making

台体

Frustum of Pyramid

台体三视图画法与识读Reading and Making

测试Test

10Questions

第五单元

简单叠加体

Simple Superimposed Solids

简单叠加体画法

Construction

叠加体画法要点与案例

Key Points and Example

简单叠加体识读

Reading and Understanding

读图要点与案例讲解

Key Points and Explanation

测试Test

13Questions

第六单元

简单切割体

Cutting solids

简单切割体画法

Construction

切割体画法要点与案例

Key Points and Case Teaching

简单切割体读图

Reading Cutting Solids

切割体读图要点与案例

Key Points and Case Teaching

测试Test

23Questions

第七单元

平面体轴测图

Axonometric    drawing of planar solids

 

轴测图的基本知识

Basic Knowledge

轴测图概念特性等

Concept and Properties

平面体的正等侧

Isometric Drawing

正等测图画法与案例讲解

Construction and Example

平面体的斜二测

Cabinet Drawing

斜二测的画法与案例讲解Construction and Example

测试Test

37Questions

第八单元

曲面体轴测图

Axonometric drawing of curved solids

曲面体的正等侧

Isometric Drawing of Curved Solids

正等测图画法与案例讲解Construction and Example

曲面体的斜二测

Cabinet Drawing of Curved Solids

斜二测的画法与案例讲解

Construction and Example

测试Test

5Questions

第九单元

线面的正投影

Projection of line and plane

直线的投影

Projection of Line

各种位置线的投影

Projections of Lines

平面的投影

Projection of Plane

各种位置面的投影

Projections of Planes

测试Test

16Questions

第十单元

立体表面取点Projection of point

积聚法取点

Accumulation Method

取点的要点与案例讲解

Key Points and Example

辅助法求点

Auxiliary line Method

取点的要点与案例讲解

Key Points and Example

测试Test

15Questions

第十一单元

立体表面交线Intersections of solids

平面体与曲面体相贯Intersections Between Planar and Curved Solids

概念与求解思路

Concept and Analysing

曲面体与曲面体相贯Intersections of Curved Solids

相贯线案例讲解

Drawing Steps and Example

测试Test

20Questions

第十二单元

叠加类组合体Composite solids----superposition solids

叠加体

Complicated Superposition Solids

画法要点与案例

Key Points and Case

叠加体读图Comprehension of Superposition Solids

读图案例

Case Teaching

测试Test

18Questions

第十三单元

切割类组合体

Composite solids----cutting solids

切割体画法

Construction of Complicated Cutting Solids

画法要点与案例

Key Points and Case

切割体读图

Comprehension of Cutting Solids

读图案例

Case Teaching

测试Test

18Questions

第十四单元

综合类组合体

Composite solids

综合类组合体画法

Construction

读图要点与案例

Key Points and Case

综合类组合体识读Comprehension

案例

Case Teaching

测试Test

28Questions

第十五单元

剖视图

Section views

剖视图概念

Concept

概念讲解

Concept Explanation

剖视图表达

Expression

案例介绍

Case Teaching

测试Test

16Questions

第十六单元

工程常用剖视图

Section views widely used in engineering

单一全剖视图

Full Section View

适用条件与案例讲解

Conditions and Explanation

阶梯剖视图

Offset Section View

适用条件与案例讲解

Conditions and Explanation

测试Test

20Questions

第十七单元

断面图

Section

断面图概念

Concept

断面图与剖视图区别

Differences

断面图表达

Expression

断面图画法案例

Case Teaching

测试Test

24Questions

第十八单元

课程串讲

Review

课程串讲

Review

内容、考核要求

Review and Requirements

考试Test

50Questions

选修1

水利工程图

Hydraulic drawing (Elective)

水利工程图表达

Expression of Hydraulic Engineering Drawing

一般表达方法和特殊表达方法

Representations

水利工程图识读

Understanding of Hydraulic Engineering Drawing

常用水工建筑物识读

Reading Hydraulic Structure

测试Test

30Questions

选修2

计算机绘图Computer Aided Drawing(Elective )

 

绘图基础

Introduction to Basic Computer Drawing

绘图环境、绘图和编辑命令等

Setting up and Commands

涵洞工程图绘制

Drawings of Culvert

涵洞工程图绘制与建模

Making 2D and 3D Drawings of

a Culvert

进水闸工程图绘制

Drawings of Sluice

进水闸工程图绘制与建模

Making 2D and 3D Drawings of

a Sluice

测试Test

30Questions


预备知识

1.中学阶段绘图工具的使用;

The application of drawing tools learned in high school

2.中学阶段平面图形的绘制和识读;

Drawing and reading of figures acquired in high school

3.中学阶段投影概念;

Projection concept learned in math in high school

4.中学阶段基本形体的投影;

Projection of basic object learned in high school

5.中学阶段轴测图画法;

Construction of axonometric sketching taught in high school

6.中学阶段数学基础和抽象思维能力。

Mathematics base and imagination ability .

证书要求

    评分项目

    CONTENT

   分值权重

   SCORES

     标准设置

 STANDARD REQUIREMENTS

   单元测试

   Unit test

    70%

3次提交有效得分为最高分值

Three chances credited on the highest score

   课程考试

 Final examination

    30%

2小时内提交后不能修改

Duration:2hours ;one chance

备注NOTE:

1.题型设置:单选题(2分)、多选题(3分)、判断题(2分;

Question type: multiple choice (one or more answers) and true or false;

2.证书设置:合格成绩为60分—84分;85分以上为优秀;

Scores: qualifying scores : 6084;excellent scores: 85 and above 85;

3.单元测试:有29个单元测试计入了成绩,占总分数的70%

Unit test: 29 unit tests were included in the score credit 70%;

4.课程讨论:课程讨论活跃度本次没有计入课程成绩;

Discussion: discussion was not included

5.单元作业:单元只作为辅助学习者,不计入课程成绩;

Unit assignment: unit assignment as aided exercise does not count towards the result;

6.证书说明Qualified performance

校内必修课程:在线开放课程成绩按照30%计入课程成绩;

校内选修课程:成绩合格的学生颁发课程合格证书; 校外学习课程:成绩合格者向课程申请,颁发课程合格证书。

Compulsory course for full -timestudents: the scores are counted into the course by 30%;

Elective course for full -time students: students who have passed will be  awarded certificates.

Part-time students: those who are qualified will send applications for their certificates to be issued .


参考资料

1.水利工程制图(第四版)曾令宜;高等教育出版社201408月;

2.网络资源:

http://www.icourses.cn/coursestatic/course_3885.html

http://www.icve.com.cn/portal/courseinfo?courseid=xxyfaiaktobii8s9dyqnlg

3.教育科学“十五”国家规划课题研究成果,高等教育出版社中英双语教材《工程图学》ENGINEERING GRAPHICS 作者:钟家麒(Zhong Jiaqi);钟晓颖(zhong Xiaoying)

4.原版《Interpreting Engineering Drawings》教材 Seventh Edition第七版,作者:Cecil H.Jensen Jay D.Helsel

5.Vyshnepolsky I S and Vyshnepolsky V L. Engineering Drawing. Moskow: Mir Publishers, 1986.

6.Luzadder W J. Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing. 9th ed. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: PrentieHall,1986.

7.Middlebrook M and Smith B. AutoCAD 2002 for Dummies. New York: Wiley, 2001.

8.Spence W P. Engineering Graphics.2nd ed. Englewood Ciffs,N.J.: Prentice-Hall,1988.

9.注意:NOTE

我国工程图样采用第一角投影绘制,美国、日本、新加坡等国家采用第三角投影。

The first -angle projection is used in engineering drawing in China. The third-angle projection is adopted in America, Japan Singapore etc.

常见问题

1.制图标准没有理解好,导致基本图形绘制有困难;

Finding challenge in making figures because of lack of understanding of drawing standards

2.绘图工具没有熟练掌握,绘制图形的能力欠缺;

Try to train with the use of tools and Improve your construction ability

3.正投影的概念没有完全理解,导致理解三视图存在问题;

Have a clear understanding of orthographic projection and solve the problems of three views

4.三视图投影规律是重点和难点,形体三视图的绘制和读图都与之紧密相连;

Projection rules are helpful when making and reading three views

5.轴测图学习有助于读图,但是绘制难度大,特别是轴测图的曲面表达;

Axonometric drawing is helpful in reading drawings but it is complex application

6.立体表面交线是难点,主要还是空间想象能力的培养;

Intersection of solids is a difficult point but it is important to cultivate the imagination capacity

7.复杂形体的读图是难点,考核学员的投影知识等综合应用能力;

Composite solids is a difficult chapter for students because its complex application

8.剖视图概念的理解需要加强,学员对剖视图与视图的区别和联系的理解。

Improve the understanding of sectional view and the difference and relationship between section and cross section.