History is the collective memory and spiritual home of a country and a nation. If a country has no history of its own, it is impossible to form its own culture and national spirit, it is impossible to form national cohesion, there is also no foundation for self-reliance in the world's national forest! Present-day college students should understand the history of their own country and nation, especially the history of modern times and the history of the People's Republic of China, and the basic national conditions of modern and contemporary China. In this way, we can know how our country came, where our country will go and where will not go.
The modern and contemporary history of China refers to the history since the Opium War in 1840. It includes contemporary Chinese history and modern Chinese history. Among them, from the Opium War of 1840 to the founding of People's Republic of China in 1949, it is a modern Chinese history. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, it has become a contemporary Chinese history.
The Outline of Modern and Contemporary Chinese History is a compulsory course for college students in China. It is not only a course of ideological and political theory for patriotism and scientific history education, but also a course of humanistic quality to help college students increase their wisdom in life. Focusing on the theme of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the course takes a logic clue of three historical processes. First, the historical process of Chinese people's opposition to foreign aggression, striving for national independence and national liberation, China's transition from closure to opening up, expanding international participation, joining the world's national forest and gradually approaching the historical process of the center of the world stage. Second, through social revolution, emancipating and developing the productive forces, Chinese people have been building a modernized and powerful country on the socialist path in this historical process. Third, with the advent of modern times, the Chinese people have sought the truth from the West. And in this historical process, they have chosen Marxism and advanced the sinification of Marxism. The course tells a story of the Chinese people, who have weathered unforgettable hardships, waged earthshaking struggles, and created splendid achievements in the historical journey of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The course aim to help college students understand the history and national conditions of China, the mainstream, essence and law of development of modern and contemporary history of China, to deeply comprehend how the history and people chose Marxism and the Communist Party of China, and how they chose the socialism path and reform and opening-up. To understand profoundly that we are able to embark on this path thanks to the great endeavors of reform and opening up made in the past 40 years, the continuous quest made in the 70 years of the People’s Republic of China, a thorough review of the evolution of the Chinese nation in its 170-plus years of modern history, and carrying forward the 5000-years of Chinese civilization. This path is deeply rooted in history and broadly based on China’s present realities. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. It is the inevitable result of the development of Chinese history since modern times, especially since the founding if New China. Adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is the only way to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Thus, the present-day college students’ confidence in the path, theories, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics can be enhanced.
The course consists of 15 Teaching units, which are divided into 1 introduction, 3 reviews and 11 special topics. It is mainly for college students to learn online, and it is also suitable for all kinds of schools offering this course to carry out the teaching reform of "flipped classroom" as online learning resources. This course is based on online learning, classroom discussions, offline reading and social practice. We also provide you with information to expand reading and access to the historical scene, understanding of the history of social practice programs.
History is the key to open the door of human wisdom. To master the law of the development of human society, we must start from the study of history. Only by understanding history can we correctly understand and grasp the objective law of social development, better grasp the present and create the future. This course mainly teaches China’s historical process of striving for national independence and people's liberation, realizing the prosperity and strength of the country and common prosperity, realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in modern times. The aim of the course is to help students understand the history and national conditions, deeply comprehend how the history and people chose Marxism and the Communist Party of China, and how they chose the socialism path and reform and opening-up.