国防科学技术大学

大学英文写作

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课程概述

        二十一世纪经济的全球化,高等教育的国际化,对大学英语教学提出新的要求。《大学英文写作》课程的目的是帮助学员掌握大学英文基本的写作方法和技巧,夯实写作基本功,为论文写作、出国留学和将来对外交流做好充分准备。


        英文写作说到底是一门实践课。因此,本课程强调实践,讲授按照过程写作法组织知识点,例子剖析贯穿始终,为学生提供边学边练的机会。本课程共30单元, 第1单元为课程概况,第2-9单元为英文写作的基本知识(Writing Basics); 第10-21单元为写作策略或模式(Writing Strategies or Patterns)。这两部分都属于《大学英文写作》课程的基础部分,系统梳理英文学术写作所需的知识、技巧、策略和规范。第22-30单元着手于具体的写作任务(Writing Tasks), 该部分涵盖总结、评述、较长论文、实验报告、电子书信、备忘录、留学书文等,力求兼顾同学们英文写作的特殊需求。


        课程按MOOC形式要求,每单元包含若干微视频、课堂讨论平台及配套练习,方便学生复习和预习课程内容。另外,设有两次写作考核,期中考试作文一篇,750~1200词,由学生自选题目,记叙文或者说明文不限,期末统一命题、限时作文,600~800词论说文一篇。 课程结束时,学员能够基本掌握大学英文写作:了解写作过程和学习规律,能够完成西方高校英文写作课程、人文社科课程和专业课程一般性的写作任务、写作规范和写作方法,作文基本做到条理清晰,连接自然,论据充分,具有说服力。


      本课程适用对象:已修完《大学英语》课程,选修英文写作或希望提高英文写作能力的学生,以及备考雅思和托福准备出国深造的学生。

       

证书要求

完成课程80%部分的学习,平时成绩占60%,考试成绩40%,合格分数为60分,优秀分数为85。

预备知识

系统学习过初中、高中、大学英语基础课程,具有基本的英语词汇、语法基础知识以及语言能力,能进行一般的书面交流。

授课大纲

Week One

Unit 1 Course Introduction
Unit 2 Writing Process


Week Two 

Unit 3 Brainstorming
Unit 4 Outlines


Week Three

Unit 5 5-Paragraph Essay Structure
Unit 6 Introduction, Conclusion, and Title


Week Four

Unit 7 Thesis Statement
Unit 8 Paragraph Unity and Development


Week Five

Unit 9 Paragraph Coherence
Unit 10 Introduction to Writng Patterns


Week Six

Unit 11 Description   
Unit 12 Narration   


Week Seven

Unit 13 Examples
Unit 14 Process


Week Eight

Unit 15 Cause and Effect
Unit 16 Comparison and Contrast


Week Nine

Unit 17 Definition
Unit 18 Classification and Division


Week Ten
Unit 19 Introduction to Argumentation 
Unit 20 Elements of an Argument

Week Eleven
Unit 21 Writing Arguments 
Mid-Term Examination Due

Week Twelve 
Unit 22 Writing a Summary
Unit 23 Writing a Review

Week Thirteen 
Unit 24 Writing an Extended Essay
Unit 25 Writing an Abstract

Week Fourteen 
Unit 26 Writing an Informal Lab Report
Unit 27 Writing a Formal Lab Report
Unit 28 Writing Letters, Memos, and Email

Week Fifteen 
Unit 29 Writing Application Letters and Résumés
Unit 30 Writing an Admission Essay or Personal Statement

Final Examination

参考资料

1.Anson, C. M. and R. A. Schwegler. (2000). The Longman handbook for writers and readers. 2nd ed. New York: Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers Inc.
2.Bailey, R. E. and L. Denstaedt. (2004). Destinations: An Integrated approach to writing paragraphs and essays. Boston: McGraw Hill.
3.Barnet, S. et al. (2003). The Practical guide to writing with readings and handbook. Canadian ed. Toronto: Longman
4.Booth, W. C., G. G. Colomb, and J. M. Williams. (2003). The Craft of research. 2nd ed. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
5.Kanar, C. C. (2011). The College writer. 5th ed. Beijing University Press.
6.Langan, J. (2007). College writing skills with readings. 6th ed. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.
7.Li, L. (2009). A Handbook for writing English academic paper and admissions essay. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press.
8.McMahon, C. and B. Stout. (2002). Critical thinking, thoughtful writing: A Rhetoric with readings. 2nd ed. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.
9.Swales, J. M. and C. B. Feak. (2012). Academic writing for graduate students: Essential tasks and skills. 3rd ed. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
10.Zheng, C. (2008). Write to learn. Beijing: Science Publishers.