国防科学技术大学

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课程概述

二十一世纪经济的全球化,高等教育的国际化,对大学英语教学提出新的要求。《大学英文写作》课程的目的是帮助学员掌握大学英文基本的写作方法和技巧,打好英文基础,为论文写作、出国留学和将来对外交流做好充分准备。

 

《大学英文写作》(二)是本课程的第二部分,内容主要包括常见的内容组织形式和写作策略,其中包含描述和叙事、过程说明、比较和对比、因果分析、举例说明、分类法和定义法,重点是论说文。写作策略经常是相通的,但同时文化和思维方式的差异,让英文写作中策略的运用形成了一些特点,与中文写作不甚相同。如果了解和把握这些特点,就能够有效运用写作策略。英文写作说到底是一门实践课。因此,本课程强调实践,希望应用过程写作法组织知识点,分析点评学生范文,强调为学生提供边学边练的机会。


本课程分12单元,每单元包含若干微视频、课堂讨论平台及配套练习,方便学生复习和预习课程内容。课程结束时,学员能够基本掌握一般写作策略,能够完成西方高校英文写作课程、人文社科课程和专业课程常见的写作任务,熟悉写作规范和写作方法,作文基本做到条理清晰,连接自然,论据充分,具有说服力。


考虑到学习者的实际需要,本课程还补充了4个“how to"单元:”如何写学期论文”, “如何写摘要”,“如何写留学申请信和简历”和“如何写个人陈述”。


本课程适用对象:已修完《大学英语》课程,特别是《大学英文写作》(一)MOOC课程,或者选修英文写作或希望继续提高英文写作能力的学生,以及备考雅思和托福准备出国深造的学生。

       

       

授课目标
This is Part II of Academic Writing, introducing organizational patterns or strategies, including description, narration, process, comparison, causality, exemplification, classification and definition with a focus on argumentation. “Study Resources” offers four bonus lessons.
证书要求

单元测试和作业占40%

考试占50%

课堂讨论占10%

总分85分以上为优秀,60-85分为合格。

 

证书分为免费证书和收费认证证书两类。

预备知识

系统学习过初中、高中、大学英语基础课程,具有基本的英语词汇、语法基础知识以及语言能力,能进行一般的书面交流,最好是学习过《大学英文写作》(一)MOOC课程。

授课大纲

Course Syllabus (教学安排)

 

Week 1 (Unit 10): An Overview of Writing Strategies

Course Introduction

  • What is academic writing?

  • Why academic writing for Chinese students?

  • What is special about this course?


Unit 10: An Overview of Writing Patterns
 

  • Organizational patterns

  • Selection of patterns

  • Avoiding constant shifts in person

 

Week 2 (Unit 11): Description

Unit 11: Description

  • Description of a person/place/object/scene

  • A controlling Idea or impression

  • Selection of details

  • Logic and coherence

  • Subjective and objective description

 

Week 3 (Units 12-13): Narration

Unit 12: Narration

  • Elements of a narrative

  • Writing to narrate

  • Narrative analysis

  • Narrative as proof

 

Week 4 (Unit 13): Process Description

Unit 13: Process

  • Introduction to processes

  • Elements of a process

  • Time and importance

  • Key details in writing processes

 

Week 5 (Unit 14): Comparison

Unit 14: Comparison and Contrast

  • Elements of comparison and contrast

  • Similarities and differences

  • Key details

  • Methods of comparison and contrast

  • Analogy

 

Week 6 (Unit 15): Causality

Unit 15: Cause and Effect

  • Elements of cause and effect

  • Causes, effects, and time

  • Causal relationships

  • Writing essays of cause and effect

 

MIDTERM Examination

(from Week 7 to Week 11)

 

Week 7 (Unit 16): Exemplification

Unit 16: Examples

  • Elements of examples

  • Types of examples

  • Extended examples

  • Related examples

  • Essay development with examples

 

Week 8 (Unit 17): Definition

Unit 17: Definition

  • Elements of definition

  • Types of definition

  • Basic techniques of defining

  • Paragraphs developed by definition

  • The definition essay structure

  • Common errors

 

Week 9 (Unit 18): Categorization

Unit 18: Classification and Division

  • Defining classification and division

  • Process of classifying and dividing

  • Common errors in classification and division

  • Sample essay analysis

  • Transitions and signals for classification and division

 

Week 10 (Unit 19): Introduction to Argumentation

Unit 19: Introduction to Argumentation

  • Understanding argumentation

  • The western rhetoric

  • Argumentative claim and evidence

  • Exploring different viewpoints

 

Week 11 (Unit 20): Elements of Argument

Unit 20: Elements of Argument

  • Defining argument: A review

  • Essential elements of argument

  • Types of claims

  • Evidence and its functions

  • Appeals to needs and values

  • Warrants

 

Week 12 (Unit 21): Writing Arguments

Unit 21: Writing Arguments

  • Basics of argumentation

  • Applying the basics

  • Building up logical and effective arguments

  • Revising and checking for fallacies

 

 

Final Examination

 (TBA)

 

STUDY RESOURCES

 

How to Write a Standard College Essay

  • What is the traditional essay structure? 

  • How to write the 5-paragraph essay? (the key-hole structure)

  • Why learn the 5-paragraph essay structure?  

 

How to Write Abstracts

  • Questions about abstracts

  • Structure of RA abstracts

  • Writing traditional (one-paragraph) abstracts

  • Writing structured abstracts


How to Prepare the Application Dossier  

 

Writing Application Letters and Résumés

  • Questions about application

  • Writing the cover letter

  • Writing the résumé

 

Writing an Admission Essay (or Personal Statement)

  • Questions about the admission essay (or PS)

  • Tactics for writing the admission essay (or PS)

  • Analysis of a sample admission essay (or PS)

  • The study/research proposal

参考资料

本课程配套教材:李慧辉, 刘晶. 大学英文写作.:高等教育出版社,2016年.

请点击下图封面购买:

 

  1. Kanar, C. C. (2011). The College writer. 5th ed. Beijing University Press. 

  2.  Langan, J. (2014). College writing skills with readings. 9th ed. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.

  3.  Li, H. & J. Liu. (2016). College English writing. Beijing: Higher Education Press.

  4. McMahon, C. and B. Stout. (2002). Critical thinking, thoughtful writing: A Rhetoric with readings. 2nd ed. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.

  5. Swales, J. M. and C. B. Feak. (2012). Academic writing for graduate students: Essential tasks and skills. 3rd ed. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

  6. Zheng, C. (2008). Write to learn. Beijing: Science Publishers.

常见问题

FAQ (常见问题)

  • Will I have to pay for the course?

    No.  You can take the course for free. You don’t have to pay for it unless you want to receive the NUDT Certificate of Course.

  • Will I get a Certificate of Accomplishment after completing this course?

    Yes. Anyone who successfully completes the course will receive the NUDT Certificate of Course Accomplishment signed by the instructor.

  • Will I get feedback on my written work?

    Yes. There are peer evaluations of your work that are the basis of the course grade. In addition, our teaching staff members will model effective feedback practices, so classmates can respond productively to one another.

  • Will this course provide instruction on grammar?

    No. Although grammar is important and resources on grammar will be provided, this course is focused primarily on how to write essays. We will focus at times on sentence-level aspects of writing thesis statements and topic sentences, but our primary interest is in communicating your ideas effectively to readers.

  • Will the course be especially difficult if a student is not very proficient in the English language?

    Yes, perhaps. Students who take the course should have basic proficiency of the English language, because our work will involve discussions about how native speakers use English, and what different expectations they have for college writing. However, our course will have experts on English as a Second/Foreign Language to provide resources, model feedback practices, facilitate productive conversations, and provide instruction at times.

  • Will this course be geared primarily to courses of scientific and technical writing in English? 

    No, not really. This course will help you with academic writing for all disciplines but in a more general sense. We have experts working with the course who have doctorates or long years of teaching experience across literature, social sciences, humanities, and, honestly, we will not be able to address specific conventions in diverse disciplines of science and engineering. We will ask you to reflect on how you can transfer the writing knowledge you gain in this course to other writing experiences you might have in scientific research or technical communication.