国防科学技术大学

大学英文写作(一)

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课程概述

        二十一世纪经济的全球化,高等教育的国际化,对大学英语教学提出新的要求。《大学英文写作》课程的目的是帮助学员掌握大学英文基本的写作方法和技巧,夯实写作基本功,为论文写作、出国留学和将来对外交流做好充分准备。

        英文写作说到底是一门实践课。因此,本课程强调实践,讲授按照过程写作法组织知识点,例子剖析贯穿始终,为学生提供边学边练的机会。

        课程按MOOC形式要求,每单元包含若干微视频、课堂讨论平台及配套练习,方便学生复习和预习课程内容。课程结束时,学员能够基本掌握大学英文写作:了解写作过程和学习规律,能够完成西方高校英文写作课程、人文社科课程和专业课程一般性的写作任务、写作规范和写作方法,作文基本做到条理清晰,连接自然,论据充分,具有说服力。

      本课程适用对象:已修完《大学英语》课程,选修英文写作或希望提高英文写作能力的学生,以及备考雅思和托福准备出国深造的学生。

       

证书要求

单元测试和作业占50%

考试占40%

课堂讨论占10%

总分85分以上为优秀,60-85分为合格。

 

证书分为免费证书和收费认证证书两类。

预备知识

系统学习过初中、高中、大学英语基础课程,具有基本的英语词汇、语法基础知识以及语言能力,能进行一般的书面交流。

授课大纲



Week 1 (Unit 1): Course Introduction

  • What is academic writing?

  • Why academic writing for Chinese students?

  • What is special about this course?



Week 2 (Unit 2): The Writing Process

  • Writing as a discovery process

  • Five steps of the writing process

  • Common prewriting techniques

  • Drafting and revising

  • Correct paper formatting



Week 3 (Units 3-4): Generating and Organizing Ideas

Unit 3: Brainstorming

  • Finding a writing topic

  • Listing as a brainstorming technique

  • Clustering as a brainstorming technique


Unit 4: Writing Outlines

  • Organizing ideas

  • Making an outline



Week 4 (Unit 5): The Five-Paragraph Essay Structure

  • The communication triangle

  • The traditional essay structure

  • The “keyhole” structure and its analysis

  • Purposes for learning the traditional essay



Week 5 (Unit 6): The Introduction, Conclusion, and Title

  • Writing the introduction

  • Writing the conclusion

  • Possible approaches to writing introductions and conclusions

  • Formulating the essay title



Week 6 (Unit 7): The Thesis Statement


  • Functions of the thesis statement in an essay

  • Position of the thesis statement

  • Formulating thesis statements

  • Featuring essay types



Week 7 (Unit 8): Paragraph Unity and Development

  • Standard paragraph structure

  • Paragraph unity

  • The topic sentence

  • Deductive and inductive organizations

  • Use of details


 

Week 8 (Unit 9): Paragraph Coherence

  • Logical connections

  • Transitional words and expressions

  • Information flow

  • Creating and revising for coherence

      





参考资料

1.Anson, C. M. and R. A. Schwegler. (2000). The Longman handbook for writers and readers. 2nd ed. New York: Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers Inc.
2.Bailey, R. E. and L. Denstaedt. (2004). Destinations: An Integrated approach to writing paragraphs and essays. Boston: McGraw Hill.
3.Barnet, S. et al. (2003). The Practical guide to writing with readings and handbook. Canadian ed. Toronto: Longman
4.Booth, W. C., G. G. Colomb, and J. M. Williams. (2003). The Craft of research. 2nd ed. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
5.Kanar, C. C. (2011). The College writer. 5th ed. Beijing University Press.
6.Langan, J. (2007). College writing skills with readings. 6th ed. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.
7.Li, L. (2009). A Handbook for writing English academic paper and admissions essay. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press.
8.McMahon, C. and B. Stout. (2002). Critical thinking, thoughtful writing: A Rhetoric with readings. 2nd ed. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.
9.Swales, J. M. and C. B. Feak. (2012). Academic writing for graduate students: Essential tasks and skills. 3rd ed. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.
10.Zheng, C. (2008). Write to learn. Beijing: Science Publishers.