国防科技大学

大学英文写作(一)

图片
课程概述

    二十一世纪经济的全球化,高等教育的国际化,对大学英语教学提出新的要求。《大学英文写作》课程的目的是帮助学员掌握大学英文基本的写作方法和技巧,夯实写作基本功,为论文写作、出国留学和将来对外交流做好充分准备。

    英文写作说到底是一门实践课。因此,本课程强调实践,讲授按照过程写作法组织知识点,例子剖析贯穿始终,为学生提供边学边练的机会。

    课程按MOOC形式要求,每单元包含若干微视频、课堂讨论平台及配套练习,方便学习者复习和预习课程内容。课程结束时,学员能够基本掌握大学英文写作:了解写作过程和学习规律,能够完成西方高校英文写作课程、人文社科课程和专业课程一般性的写作任务、写作规范和写作方法,作文基本做到条理清晰,连接自然,论据充分,具有说服力。

    考虑到学习者的实际需要,本课程还补充了3个“how to"单元: “如何写论文摘要”,“如何写留学申请信和简历”和“如何写个人陈述”。

    本课程适用对象:已修完《大学英语》课程,选修英文写作或希望提高英文写作能力的学生,以及备考雅思和托福准备出国深造的学生。

       

授课目标
本课程以欧美大学本科生必修课“大学英文写作”为蓝本,教学内容涵盖大学英文写作的基础知识、常见方法和技巧。完成课程后会基本掌握英文写作的结构、特点和规范,具备一定的英文写作能力,能够完成高校人文社科课程和专业课程一般性的英文写作任务。
证书要求

单元测试和作业占30%

考试占60%

课堂讨论占10%

总分85分以上为优秀,60-85分为合格。

 

证书分为免费证书和收费认证证书两类。

预备知识

学习起点:

系统学习过初中、高中、大学英语基础课程,具有基本的英语词汇、语法基础知识以及语言能力,能进行一般的书面交流。

授课大纲



Week 1 (Unit 1): Course Introduction

  • What is academic writing?

  • Why academic writing for Chinese students?

  • What is special about this course?



Week 2 (Unit 2): The Writing Process

  • Writing as a discovery process

  • Five steps of the writing process

  • Common prewriting techniques

  • Drafting and revising

  • Correct paper formatting



Week 3 (Units 3-4): Generating and Organizing Ideas

Unit 3: Brainstorming

  • Finding a writing topic

  • Listing as a brainstorming technique

  • Clustering as a brainstorming technique


Unit 4: Writing Outlines

  • Organizing ideas

  • Making an outline



Week 4 (Unit 5): The Five-Paragraph Essay Structure

  • The communication triangle

  • The traditional essay structure

  • The “keyhole” structure and its analysis

  • Purposes for learning the traditional essay



Week 5 (Unit 6): The Introduction, Conclusion, and Title

  • Writing the introduction

  • Writing the conclusion

  • Possible approaches to writing introductions and conclusions

  • Formulating the essay title



Week 6 (Unit 7): The Thesis Statement


  • Functions of the thesis statement in an essay

  • Position of the thesis statement

  • Formulating thesis statements

  • Featuring essay types



Week 7 (Unit 8): Paragraph Unity and Development

  • Standard paragraph structure

  • Paragraph unity

  • The topic sentence

  • Deductive and inductive organizations

  • Use of details


 

Week 8 (Unit 9): Paragraph Coherence

  • Logical connections

  • Transitional words and expressions

  • Information flow

  • Creating and revising for coherence

      



STUDY RESOURCES

 


1. How to Write Abstracts


  • Questions about abstracts

  • Structure of RA abstracts

  • Writing traditional (one-paragraph) abstracts

  • Writing structured abstracts


2. Writing Application Letters and Résumé

  • Questions about application

  • Writing the cover letter

  • Writing the résumé


3. How to an Admissions Essay (or Personal Statement)   


  • Questions about the admission essay (or PS)

  • Tactics for writing the admission essay (or PS)

  • Analysis of a sample admission essay (or PS)

  • The study/research proposal





参考资料

本课程配套教材:李慧辉, 刘晶. 大学英文写作.:高等教育出版社,2016年.

请点击下图封面购买:

 

1.Anson, C. M. and R. A. Schwegler. (2000). The Longman handbook for writers and readers. 2nd ed. New York: Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers Inc.
2.Kanar, C. C. (2011). The College writer. 5th ed. Beijing University Press.
3.Langan, J. (2007). College writing skills with readings. 6th ed. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press. 

4. Li, H. (2016). College English writing. Beijing: Higher Education Press. 
5.Li, L. (2009). A Handbook for writing English academic paper and admissions essay. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press.
6.Zheng, C. (2008). Write to learn. Beijing: Science Publishers.

常见问题

FAQ (常见问题)

  • Will I have to pay for the course?

    No.  You can take the course for free. You don’t have to pay for it unless you want to receive the NUDT Certificate of Course Accomplishment when you successfullly complete the course.

  • Will I get a Certificate of Accomplishment after completing this course?

    Yes. Anyone who successfully completes the course will receive the NUDT Certificate of Course Accomplishment signed by the instructor. The certification will be issued for two forms: the electronic and the hardcopy. The former will be free, whereas the latter will charge 100 renmibi for the prime cost. 

  • Will I get feedback on my written work?

    Yes. There are peer evaluations of your work that are the basis of the course grade. In addition, your final examination essay will be graded by our teaching staff members, and you will receive comments and suggestions for further studies.

  • Will this course provide instruction on grammar?

    No, not really. Although grammar is important and resources on grammar will be provided, this course is focused primarily on how to write essays. We will focus at times on sentence-level aspects of writing thesis statements and topic sentences, but our primary interest is in communicating your ideas effectively to readers.

  • Will the course be especially difficult if a student is not very proficient in the English language?

    Yes, perhaps. Students who take the course should have basic proficiency of the English language, because our work will involve discussions about how native speakers use English, and what different expectations they have for college writing. However, our course will have experts on English as a Second/Foreign Language to provide resources, model feedback practices, facilitate productive conversations, and provide instruction at times.

  • Will this course be geared primarily to courses of scientific and technical writing in English? 

    No, not really. This course will help you with academic writing for all disciplines but in a more general sense. We have experts working with the course who have doctorates or long years of teaching experience across literature, social sciences, humanities, and, honestly, we will not be able to address specific conventions in diverse disciplines of science and engineering. We will ask you to reflect on how you can transfer the writing knowledge you gain in this course to other writing experiences you might have in scientific research or technical communication.