台湾新竹“清华大学”

系统神经科学

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课程概述

脑科学为21世纪最重要的研究领域,而神经科学即是脑科学的基础。本课程主要介绍神经网络的结构与功能,内容特别专注探讨感觉神经系统与运动神经系统。在感觉神经系统方面,将详细介绍视觉讯息的接收与处理,其他如听觉、触觉、嗅觉、味觉及痛觉亦会深入探讨。在运动神经系统方面,将对肌肉收缩、肢体协调、眼球运动、身体平衡、姿势维持及行动计画等调控机制做详尽的介绍。透过这些主题的学习,本课程将可让学生瞭解神经系统运作方式的基本法则。

注:本课程由台湾新竹清华大学提供,因课程视频由提供方上传,凡课程视频中“国立清华大学”均指“台湾新竹清华大学”。 

证书要求

修习完毕课程内容并完成所有课程要求,可获得「修课证明」

预备知识

具备生物学基本概念即可

授课大纲

Week 1. Organization of the nervous systems

1. Anatomical organization of CNS and PNS

2. Functional organization of the brain

3. Regional specialization of the cerebral cortex

4. Neural organization of perception

5. Neural organization of cognition

6. Neural organization of action

7. Quantification of perception and action

8. Functional imaging of the brain

Week 2. Sensation and perception: touch and pain

1. Sensory receptors and sensory coding

2. Sensory processing beyond receptors

3. The somatosensory system

4. Mechanoreceptors and touch

5. Tactile information processing

6. Thermal receptors and temperature

7. Nociceptors and pain

8. Nociceptive information processing

Week 3. Sensation and perception: vision I

1. Eye, brain, and vision

2. Phototransduction and adaptation

3. Neural organization of the retina

4. Retinal ganglion cells

5. Neural organization of the primary visual cortex

6. Intermediate-level visual processing

7. Color vision

8. Depth and motion perception

Week 4. Sensation and perception: vision II

1. Contextual effect of visual perception

2. Object perception

3. Perceptual constancy

4. Visual memory

5. Internal representations of space

6. Visuomotor control

7. Scene stabilization during saccades

8. Attention and visual processing

Week 5. Sensation and perception: audition, olfaction, and gustation

1. Mechanoelectrical transduction of hair cells

2. Cochlear structure and frequency coding

3. Sound localization and spatial mapping

4. Sound perception and vocal learning

5. Olfactory receptors and coding

6. Neural organization of odor perception

7. Taste receptors and taste buds

8. Gustatory information processing

Week 6. Movement and action: peripheral mechanisms

1. Muscle structure and force

2. Motor unit

3. Muscle action

4. Local spinal circuits of reflexes

5. Regulation of spinal reflexes

6. Central pattern generator and locomotion

7. Neural control of locomotion

Week 7. Movement and action: central control

1. Eye movements and extraocular muscles

2. The control of gaze

3. The vestibular apparatus and vestibulo-ocular reflex

4. The vestibular system

5. Postural equilibrium and orientation

6. Sensory integration and control of posture

7. Neural organization of cerebellum

8. Functions of cerebellum

9. The basal ganglia

Week 8. Movement and action: coordination and planning

1. Motor commands and sensorimotor transformation

2. The organization and planning of movement

3. Cortical areas for voluntary motor control

4. Neural coding of motor commands

5. Neuroprosthesis and adaptive motor learning

6. Voluntary movement: reaching for an object

7. Voluntary movement: grasping an object

8. Planning action and mirror neurons

参考资料

指定用書:

Eric R. Kandel, James H. Schwartz, Thomas M. Jessell, Steven A. Siegelbaum and A. J. Hudspeth, Principles of Neural Science, 5th Ed., 2012

参考资料:

1. Dale Purves, George J. Augustine, David Fitzpatrick and William C. Hall, Neuroscience, 5th Ed., 2011

2. Larry Squire, Darwin Berg, Floyd E. Bloom and Sascha du Lac, Fundamental Neuroscience, 4th Ed., 2012

3. John G. Nicholls, A. Robert Martin, Paul A. Fuchs and David A. Brown, From Neuron to Brain, 5th Ed., 2011