语言学导论
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spContent=语言是人类最知心的朋友,架设了人与人之间心灵沟通的桥梁。语言学导论能帮助您揭示语言的内在奥秘,使您在语言学习过程中透过现象看本质,同时,通过课程内在结构的逻辑思维训练发展理性思维,服务于专业发展的需要。
—— 课程团队
课程概述

一、课程性质

语言学导论主要探讨语言的起源和语言内部各层次的基本关系,以及语言与思维、文化、社会、语境、认知外部因素的关系。

二、教学任务与基本要求

语言学导论服务于学习者的专业发展及人文素养的养成,其教学任务是:

1.介绍语言基本知识,以及语言内部各层次的基本关系。

2.讲授语言的发展、变异及其与思维、文化等的关系。

3.讨论语言与认知的关系。


语言学导论的教学目标:

1.使学习者了解语言的本质、起源,英语的内部结构、功能及其历史发展规律。

2.使学习者了解人类语言研究的丰富成果,提高对社会、人文、经济、科技以及个人修养等方面重要性的认识。

3.培养学习者的语言意识,发展学习者的理性思维。


授课目标

1.使学习者了解语言的本质、起源,英语的内部结构、功能及其历史发展规律。 2.使学习者了解人类语言研究的丰富成果,提高对社会、人文、经济、科技以及个人修养等方面重要性的认识。 3.培养学习者的语言意识,发展理性思维。

课程大纲

Chapter One Invitations to Linguistics

1st week-1.1 What is linguistics?-什么是语言

1st week-1.2 Design features of language-语言的设计性特征

2nd week-1.3 Language function-语言的功能

2nd week-1.4 Basic distinctions in linguistics-语言学的区别性概念

2nd week-1.5 Chapter summary-1-章节总结

2nd week-1.6 Chatper summary-2-章节总结

Teaching PPT-教学课件

1st week discussion-讨论

2nd week discussion-讨论

Teaching Plan-1-教案

Teaching Plan-2-教案

Homework-章节作业-1

Examination-章节测试-1

Chapter Two  Speech Sounds

Phone distribution and distinctive features-语音讲解

Teaching PPT-课件

Consonants and vowels-语音讲解

Basic senses-语音讲解

Phonological rules and rule ordering-语音讲解

Teaching Plan-2-教案

Phoneme and phoneme theory-语音讲解

3rd week-2.1 Basic senses-基本概念

3rd week-2.2 Consonants-辅音

3rd week-2.3 Vowels-元音

4th week-2.4 Phoneme theory and allophone音位理论和音位变体

4th week-2.5 Rules and rule ordering-规则和规则次序

4th week-2.6 Suprasegmentals-超音段

4th-week 2.7 Chapter summary-1-章节总结

4th week-2.8 Chapter summary-2-章节总结

3rd week discussion-讨论

4th week discussion-讨论

Teaching Plan-1-教案

Homework-章节作业-2

Examination-章节测试-2

Chapter Three From Morpheme to Phrase

5th week-3.1 What is word?-什么是词

5th week-3.2 Word class-词类

5th week-3.3 Types of morpheme-语素的类型

6th week-3.4 Morphology-形态学

6th week-3.5 Lexical change-词项变化

6th week-3.6 Morpho-syntactic change-形态句法变化

5th week discussion-讨论

Teaching PPT-教学课件

Teaching Plan-教案

6th week discussion-讨论

Homework-章节作业-3

Examination-章节测试-3

Chapter Four  Syntax

7th week-4.1 Syntax and syntactic relations-句法和句法关系

7th week-4.2 Grammatical construction语法结构

7th week-4.3 Constituents and IC analysis-直接成份和直接成份分析法

8th week-4.4 Syntactic function-句法功能

8th week-4.5 Category-范畴

8th week-4.6 Phrase, clause and sentence-短语,从句和句子

8th week-4.7 Chapter summary-章节总结

Teaching PPT-教学课件

Teaching Plan-教案

7th week discussion-讨论

8th week discussion-讨论

Homework-章节作业-4

Examination-章节测试-4

Chapter Five  Meaning

9th week-5.1 Basic senses in meaning-意义的概念

9th week-5.2 Sense relations-1-语义关系

10th week-5.3 Sense relations-2-语义关系

10th week-5.4 Componential analysis-语义成份分析

10th week-5.5 Chapter summary-章节总结

Teaching PPT-教学课件

Teaching Plan-教案

9th week discussion-讨论

10th week discussion-讨论

Homework-章节作业-5

Examination-章节测试-5

Chpater Six  Language and Cognition

11th week-6.1 What is cognition?-什么是认知

11th week-6.2 Psycholinguistics-心理语言学

12th week-6.3 Construal and construal operations-识解和识解操作

12th week-6.4 Categorization-范畴化

13th week-6.5 Image schema-意象图式

13th week-6.6 Metaphor-暗喻

14th week-6.7 Metonymy-转喻

14th week-6.8 Blending theory-整合理论

14th week-6.9 Chapter summary-1-章节总结

14th week-6.10 Chapter summary-2-章节总结

Teaching PPT-教学课件

Teaching Plan-1-教案

Teaching Plan-2-教案

11th week discussion-讨论

13th week discussion-讨论

14th week discussion-讨论

Homework-章节作业-6

Examination-章节测试-6

Chapter Seven  Language, Culture and Society

15th week-7.1 Language and culture-1-语言和文化

15th week-7.2 Language and culture-2-语言和文化

15th week-7.3 Language and society-语言和社会

15th week-7.4 Cross-cultural communication-跨文化交际

15th week-7.5 Chapter summary-章节总结

Teaching PPT-教学课件

Teaching Plan-教案

15th week discussion-讨论

Homework-章节作业-7

Examination-章节测试-7

预备知识

1. 英语语音相关基础知识

2. 英语词学相关基础知识

3. 英语语法相关基础知识

4. 中西文化异同相关基础知识

5. 英语语言发展相关基础知识

证书要求

按百分制计分,其中60分至84分为合格,85分至100分为优秀。

评分方案:

1.完成课程形成性评价各项要求占70%。

2.期中和期末开放性考试成绩占30%。