国际法
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spContent=国际法是什么,它为何存在,又能提供怎样的答案?在中国日渐融入国际社会,国际环境纷繁复杂的背景下,对国际法的研究,成为解决全球性问题“中国方案”的重要来源途径,也成为中国争取国家利益,增进人民福祉的重要方法。吉林大学何志鹏教授通过简明的解构与清晰的逻辑,为大家解读国际法的方方面面。
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课程概述

In this course, the fundamental rules of international law is introduced against the background of international relations, and analyzed by the theories not just of legal theories, but international relations. International law is regarded as principles and norms in and for international relations. Natural law theory, positive approach of law, and social approaches of law are employed to inquire into the nature of international law. Realist theories, liberal theories, as well as constructive theories of international relations are used to expound the function of international law. The relationship between international law and municipal law, the sources of international law, the development of international law, and all aspects of international legal issues like territory, sea, space, human rights, armed conflict, and environment are discussed in detail.


授课目标

带领同学们认识、了解国际法,掌握国际法的基础知识与结构框架,学习国际法的产生与运行逻辑,分析国际法背后的政治、经济、文化根源,尝试运用国际法解释、分析国际社会面临的问题。

课程大纲

0.0 Introduction


 


1 Fundamental Topics


1.0 Chapter 1 Introduction


1.1 Definition of international law


1.2 Nature of international law


1.3 History of IL


    1.3.1 History of International Law(1)


    1.3.2 History of International Law(2)


1.4 Theories of IL


1.5 International law and municipal law


 


 


2 Sources of international law


2.0 Chapter 2 Sources of International Law


2.1 The definition and category of the sources


2.2 Treaties - law-making treaties and contract treaties


2.3 Customs - elements of customs


2.4 Customs - the persistent objector


2.5 Relations between Customary International Law and Treaties


2.6 General principles of law and equity


2.7 Judicial decisions


2.8 Soft law


2.9 Hierarchy of the sources


2.10 Jus cogens


2.11 Readings & Questions


 


 


3 States and governments


3.0 Chapter 3 States and governments


3.1 Criteria of the state


3.2 Self-determination


3.3 Recognition and non-recognition of state and governments


3.3.1 De jureand de facto recognition


    3.3.2 Insurgents and national liberation movements


    3.3.3 Recognition of government


3.4 Jurisdiction


3.5 Criminal jurisdiction - Territorial principle


3.6 Criminal jurisdiction - Nationality principle


3.7 Criminal jurisdiction - Protective principle


3.8 Criminal jurisdiction - Universality principle


3.9 Conflicts of jurisdiction


3.10 Extradition


3.11 Immunity from jurisdiction


3.12 Immunity of international organizations


3.13 Treaties dealing with rights over territory


3.14 Decolonization and new states


3.15 Secession, Dismemberment,Unification


3.16 Succession of Public property and Private property


3.17 Readings & Questions


 


 


4 International organizations


4.0 Chapter 4 International Organization


4.1 Status of international organization


    4.1.1 Status of international organization


    4.1.2 Life of institutions


4.2 The United Nations Charter and the problem of interpretation


4.3 Domestic jurisdiction


4.4 Membership


4.5 The organs of the United Nations


4.6 Pacific settlement of disputes under the United Nations Charter


4.7 Collective security and enforcement action


4.8 UN peacekeeping


4.9 Readings & Questions


 


 


5 Individuals, companies and groups


5.0 Chapter 5 Individuals, Companies and Groups


5.1 Individuals and companies


5.2 Non-governmental organizations (NGOs)


5.3 Indigenous peoples


5.4 Readings & Questions


 


 


6 Acquisition of territory


6.0 Chapter 6 Acquisition of territory


6.1 Modes of acquisition of territory-Cession


6.2 Modes of acquisition of territory-Occupation (of terra nullius)


6.3 Modes of acquisition of territory-Prescription


6.4 Modes of acquisition of territory--Operations of nature


6.5 Modes of acquisition of territory--Adjudication


6.6 Modes of acquisition of territory--Adjudication


6.7 Acquiescence, recognition and estoppel


6.8 Readings & Questions


 


 


7 The law of the sea


7.0 Chapter 7 The law of the sea


7.1 Development of LoS


7.2 Internal waters


7.3 Territory


7.4 Territorial sea (1)


7.5 Territorial sea (2)


7.6 Territorial sea (3)


7.7 The contiguous zone


7.8 Exclusive fishery zones and exclusive economic zones


7.9 The high seas


7.10 Hot pursuit


7.11 The right of approach


7.12 Piracy


7.13 Jurisdiction of municipal courts over crimes committed on the high seas


7.14 The continental shelf


7.15 The deep seabed


7.16 Maritime boundaries


7.17 Readings & Questions


 


 


8 Air space and outer space


8.0 Chapter 8 Air space and outer space


8.1 Sovereignty of the Air space


8.2 acts of piracy in air space


8.3 Outer space


8.4 The common heritage of mankind principle  


 


 


9 Human rights


9.0 Chapter 9 Human Rights


9.1 The concept of human rights


9.2 Human rights on the universal level


9.3 Human rights on the regional level


9.4 Right of humanitarian intervention


 


 


10 Treaties


10.0 Chapter 10 Treaties


10.1 General introduction and history


10.2 Conclusion and entry into force of treaties


10.3 Application of treaties


10.4 The amendment and modification of treaties


10.5 Treaty interpretation


10.6 Invalid treaties - Circumstances


10.7 Invalid treaties - The consequences


10.8 Termination of treaties - circumstance


10.9 Termination of treaties - Implied right of denunciation or withdrawal


 


11 Diplomacy


11.0 Chapter 11 diplomacy


11.1 Functions of diplomacy


11.2 Diplomatic immunity: immunity from the jurisdiction of the courts


11.3 Diplomatic immunity


11.3.1 Diplomatic immunity(1)


11.3.2 Diplomatic immunity(2)


11.4 Consular immunity


11.5 Waiver of immunity


 


 


12 Economy


12.0 Chapter 12  Economy


12.1 The concept of international economic law


12.2 The Bretton Woods system and international economic organizations


12.3 The International Monetary Fund (IMF)


12.4 The World Bank


12.5 From the GATT to the WTO


12.6 The new World Trade Organization


12.7 NIEO


12.8 Expropriation and standard of compensation


12.9 Disguised expropriation


12.10 Expropriation of contractual rights


12.11 The right to development


 


 


13 Armed Conflicts


13.0 Chapter 13 Armed Conflicts


13.1 Lawful and unlawful wars


    13.1.1 Lawful and unlawful wars


    13.1.2 Korean War


13.2 The prohibition of the use of force in the United Nations Charter


13.3 exception


13.4 Civil wars


13.5 Self-determination and the use of force


13.6 Lawful and unlawful means of waging war--nuclear weapons


13.7 Rules governing the conduct of civil wars


13.8 War crimes trials


 


 


14 Environment


14.0 Chapter 14 Environment


14.1 Development of environmental protection


14.2 The scope and nature of international environmental law


    14.2.1 The scope and nature of international environmental law (1)


    14.2.2 The scope and nature of international environmental law (2)


14.3 Customary law and general principles


14.4 The Rio Declaration and Agenda 21


 


 


15 State responsibility


15.0 Chapter 15 State Responsibility


15.1 The treatment of aliens


15.2 Imputability


15.3 The minimum international standard


15.4 Preliminary objections


15.5 Nationality of claims


15.6 Exhaustion of local remedies


15.7 waiver


15.8 Unreasonable delay and improper behaviour by the injured alien


15.9 Consequences of an internationally wrongful act


15.10 Countermeasures and dispute settlement


 


 


16 Peaceful settlement of disputes between states


16.0 Chapter 16 Peaceful settlement and disputes between states


16.1 Diplomatic methods of dispute settlement - Negotiations


16.2 Diplomatic methods of dispute settlement - Good offices and mediation


16.3 Diplomatic methods of dispute settlement-finding and inquiry


16.4 Conciliation


16.5 Legal methods of dispute settlement - Adjudication -ICJ


16.6 Legal methods of dispute settlement - Arbitration(PCA)


16.7 Settlement of disputes under the Law of the Sea Convention




证书要求

总评成绩60-84分为合格,可获得合格证书;总评成绩85-100分为优秀,可获得优秀证书。

参考资料

    Malanczuk, Peter. Akehurst's Modern Introduction to International Law (7th rev. ed., London: Routledge1997)

    Beth A. Simmons and  Richard H. Steinberg (eds.), International Law and International Relations: An International Organization Reader, Cambridge University Press, 2007;

    Jeffrey L. Dunoff and MarkA. Pollack(eds.), Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations: The State of the Art, Cambridge University Press, 2012;

    David Armstrong, TheoFarrell, and Hélène Lambert, International Law and International Relations, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, 2012;

    Basak Cali, International Law for International Relations, Oxford University Press, , 2010.